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Chromosome 1p21.3 microdeletions comprising DPYD and MIR137 are associated with intellectual disability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22003227     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BackgroundMicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding gene transcripts involved in post-transcriptional regulation of genes. Recent studies identified miRNAs as important regulators of learning and memory in model organisms. So far, no mutations in specific miRNA genes have been associated with impaired cognitive functions.Methods and resultsIn three sibs and two unrelated patients with intellectual disability (ID), overlapping 1p21.3 deletions were detected by genome-wide array analysis. The shortest region of overlap included dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPYD) and microRNA 137 (MIR137). DPYD is involved in autosomal recessive dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency. Hemizygous DPYD deletions were previously suggested to contribute to a phenotype with autism spectrum disorder and speech delay. Interestingly, the mature microRNA transcript microRNA-137 (miR-137) was recently shown to be involved in modulating neurogenesis in adult murine neuronal stem cells. Therefore, this study investigated the possible involvement of MIR137 in the 1p21.3-deletion phenotype. The patients displayed a significantly decreased expression of both precursor and mature miR-137 levels, as well as significantly increased expression of the validated downstream targets microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) and Enhancer of Zeste, Drosophila, Homologue 2 (EZH2), and the newly identified target Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4). The study also demonstrated significant enrichment of miR-137 at the synapses of cortical and hippocampal neurons, suggesting a role of miR-137 in regulating local synaptic protein synthesis machinery.ConclusionsThis study showed that dosage effects of MIR137 are associated with 1p21.3 microdeletions and may therefore contribute to the ID phenotype in patients with deletions harbouring this miRNA. A local effect at the synapse might be responsible.
Authors:
Marjolein H Willemsen; Astrid Vallès; Laurens A M H Kirkels; Mathilde Mastebroek; Nikkie Olde Loohuis; Aron Kos; Willemijn M Wissink-Lindhout; Arjan P M de Brouwer; Willy M Nillesen; Rolph Pfundt; Muriel Holder-Espinasse; Louis Vallée; Joris Andrieux; Marjolein C Coppens-Hofman; Hanneke Rensen; Ben C J Hamel; Hans van Bokhoven; Armaz Aschrafi; Tjitske Kleefstra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical genetics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-6244     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985087R     Medline TA:  J Med Genet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
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