Document Detail


Chromium and exercise training: effect on obese women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9268955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chromium supplementation may affect various risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), including body weight and composition, basal plasma hormone and substrate levels, and response to an oral glucose load. This study examined the effects of chromium supplementation (400 micrograms.d-1), with or without exercise training, on these risk factors in young, obese women. Chromium picolinate supplementation resulted in significant weight gain in this population, while exercise training combined with chromium nicotinate supplementation resulted in significant weight loss and lowered the insulin response to an oral glucose load. We conclude that high levels of chromium picolinate supplementation are contraindicated for weight loss in young, obese women. Moreover, our results suggest that exercise training combined with chromium nicotinate supplementation may be more beneficial than exercise training alone for modification of certain CAD and NIDDM risk factors.
Authors:
K E Grant; R M Chandler; A L Castle; J L Ivy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-15     Completed Date:  1997-10-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  992-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin 78712, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Coronary Disease / prevention & control
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control
Exercise Therapy*
Female
Food, Fortified*
Humans
Insulin / metabolism
Iron Chelating Agents / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Nicotinic Acids / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Obesity / physiopathology,  therapy*
Picolinic Acids / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Risk Factors
Weight Gain
Weight Loss
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Iron Chelating Agents; 0/Nicotinic Acids; 0/Picolinic Acids; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 98-98-6/picolinic acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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