Document Detail

Chromatic-discrimination axes, CRT phosphor spectra, and individual variation in color vision.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7853088     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There is a growing use of color monitor systems in visual research and a parallel growth in the use of cone-excitation space to define stimuli and to report data. Color specification in monitor systems is accomplished by combination of the phosphor chromaticities. The effect of interobserver variation on color specification is highly dependent on the spectroradiometric properties of the primaries. We review potential sources of biologic variability and its effect on the nominal axes in a cone-excitation diagram for a color monitor system. Variation in preretinal pigment (lens and macular pigment), in the effective optical density and the spectral sensitivity of the visual photopigments, and in the cone weighting used to derive the spectral luminosity function are considered. The consequences of such biological variability are rotation and translation of the axes for a given observer relative to the nominal axes that the observer used for color specification. The importance of such rotations can be viewed within the framework of a particular experimental paradigm.
V C Smith; J Pokorny
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1084-7529     ISO Abbreviation:  J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis     Publication Date:  1995 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-15     Completed Date:  1995-03-15     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9800943     Medline TA:  J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Visual Sciences Center, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637.
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception / physiology*
Contrast Sensitivity
Data Display
Lens, Crystalline / physiology
Middle Aged
Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells / physiology*
Retinal Pigments / physiology*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Retinal Pigments

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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