Document Detail

Chorioamnionitis and prematurity: a critical review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22958008     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Chorioamnionitis is the inflammatory response to an acute inflammation of the membranes and chorion of the placenta. We provide a critical review of the relationship between chorioamnionitis and the risk of prematurity and adverse maternal-fetal outcome. Chorioamnionitis results as a major risk factor for preterm birth and its incidence is strictly related to gestational age. It is associated with a significant maternal, perinatal and long-term adverse outcomes. The principal neonatal complications are neonatal sepsis, pneumonia, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, perinatal death, cerebral palsy and intraventricular hemorrhage. The role in neonatal outcome is still controversial and more conclusive studies could clarify the relationship between chorioamnionitis and adverse neonatal outcome. Maternal complications include abnormal progression of labour, caesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage, abnormal response after use of oxytocin and placenta abruption. Prompt administration of antibiotics and steroids could improve neonatal outcomes.
P Martinelli; L Sarno; G M Maruotti; R Paludetto
Related Documents :
9197868 - Maternal birthweight and diet in pregnancy in relation to the infant's thinness at birth.
3632018 - Ethnic differences in incidence of very low birthweight and neonatal deaths among norma...
6623238 - Eosinophilia in premature neonates. phase 2 of a biphasic granulopoietic response.
3816638 - New birthweight and head circumference centiles for gestational ages 24 to 42 weeks.
23988008 - Cancer incidence and survival among infants in israel, 1998-2007.
3822978 - Ahemeral light-dark cycles and intermittent photoperiod effects on laying hens.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  25 Suppl 4     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  21-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, High-Risk Pregnancy Unit, University Federico II of Naples , Naples , Italy.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Central venous catheterization and thrombosis in newborns: update on diagnosis and management.
Next Document:  Laboratory medicine in neonatal sepsis and inflammation.