|Choline: an essential nutrient for public health.|
|PMID: 19906248 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE|
|Choline was officially recognized as an essential nutrient by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1998. There is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by common genetic polymorphisms. Because of its wide-ranging roles in human metabolism, from cell structure to neurotransmitter synthesis, choline-deficiency is now thought to have an impact on diseases such as liver disease, atherosclerosis, and, possibly, neurological disorders. Choline is found in a wide variety of foods. Eggs and meats are rich sources of choline in the North American diet, providing up to 430 milligrams per 100 grams. Mean choline intakes for older children, men, women, and pregnant women are far below the adequate intake level established by the IOM. Given the importance of choline in a wide range of critical functions in the human body, coupled with less-than-optimal intakes among the population, dietary guidance should be developed to encourage the intake of choline-rich foods.|
|Steven H Zeisel; Kerry-Ann da Costa|
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|Type: Journal Article; Review|
|Title: Nutrition reviews Volume: 67 ISSN: 1753-4887 ISO Abbreviation: Nutr. Rev. Publication Date: 2009 Nov|
|Created Date: 2009-11-12 Completed Date: 2010-01-25 Revised Date: 2014-09-14|
Medline Journal Info:
|Nlm Unique ID: 0376405 Medline TA: Nutr Rev Country: United States|
|Languages: eng Pagination: 615-23 Citation Subset: IM|
|APA/MLA Format Download EndNote Download BibTex|
Breast Neoplasms / etiology, prevention & control
Choline / administration & dosage*, genetics, metabolism*
Choline Deficiency / complications, epidemiology, genetics
Disease Models, Animal
Heart Diseases / etiology, prevention & control
Inflammation / etiology, prevention & control
Lipotropic Agents / administration & dosage, metabolism
Memory / drug effects
Neural Tube Defects / etiology, prevention & control
|P01 AG009525/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P01 AG009525-150005/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P30 DK056350/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-08/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK055865/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK055865-07/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS|
|0/Lipotropic Agents; N91BDP6H0X/Choline|
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine
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