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Choline and betaine intake is inversely associated with breast cancer risk: A two-stage case-control study in China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23140534     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Few epidemiological studies have evaluated the association of choline and betaine intake with breast cancer risk and the results remain inconsistent. This study aimed to assess the relationship between dietary intake of choline and betaine and the risk of breast cancer among Chinese women. A two-stage case-control study was conducted, with 807 cases and 807 age (5-year interval) and residence (rural/urban)-matched controls. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess dietary intake by face-to-face interview. Unconditional logistic regression model was used to calculate multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). A significant inverse association was found between dietary choline and betaine consumption and breast cancer risk. The adjusted ORs for the highest quartile of intake compared to the lowest were 0.40 (95%CI=0.28-0.57, P(trend) <0.001) for total choline intake, 0.58 (95%CI=0.42-0.80, P(trend) < 0.001) for betaine intake, and 0.38 (0.27-0.53, P(trend) < 0.001) for choline plus betaine intake, respectively. Intakes of individual choline compouds, choline from glycerophosphocholine, phosphocholine, phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, and free choline were also negatively associated with breast cancer risk. The inverse association between choline intake and breast cancer risk was primarily confined to participants with low folate level (<242 g/d), with an OR (95% CI) of 0.46 (0.23-0.91) comparing the fourth quartile with the first quartile of choline intake (P(trend) =0.005). This study suggested that consumption of choline and betaine was inversely associated with the risk of breast cancer. The association of choline intake with breast cancer risk was probably modified by folate intake.
Authors:
Cai-Xia Zhang; Mei-Xia Pan; Bin Li; Lian Wang; Xiong-Fei Mo; Yu-Ming Chen; Fang-Yu Lin; Suzanne C Ho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1349-7006     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101168776     Medline TA:  Cancer Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Japanese Cancer Association.
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.
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