Document Detail

Chlamydia pneumoniae disturbs cholesterol homeostasis in human THP-1 macrophages via JNK-PPARγ dependent signal transduction pathways.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20870032     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) induces macrophage-derived foam cell formation, a hallmark of early atherosclerosis, in the presence of low density lipoprotein (LDL). However, its mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. In this study we examined the effects of live, heat-killed and UV-inactivated C. pneumoniae on cholesterol metabolism in THP-1-derived macrophages and the role of c-Jun NH(2) terminal kinase (JNK), which may participate in the C. pneumoniae-induced disruption of intracellular cholesterol homeostasis. We investigated whether SP600125, a special JNK inhibitor, affects the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), and also its downstream target genes Acyl-CoA cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT1), ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 and G1 (ABCA1/G1) in human THP-1 macrophages infected with C. pneumoniae. In this paper we found that both live and inactivated C. pneumoniae infection induce intracellular cholesterol accumulation and foam cell formation. C. pneumoniae infection increased the expression of ACAT1 and decreased the expression of ABCA1/G1, all of which facilitated cholesterol accumulation and promoted macrophage-derived foam cell formation. However, these responses were attenuated by SP600125 in a dose-dependent manner. These results demonstrate for the first time that both live and inactivated C. pneumoniae infections disturb cholesterol homeostasis in human THP-1 macrophages and C. pneumoniae infection disturbs cholesterol homeostasis via JNK-PPARγ dependent signal transduction pathways.
Wei Liu; Ping He; Bei Cheng; Chun-Li Mei; Yan-Fu Wang; Jing-Jing Wan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1769-714X     ISO Abbreviation:  Microbes Infect.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883508     Medline TA:  Microbes Infect     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1226-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Institut Pasteur. All rights reserved.
Department of gerontology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, 1277 Jie-Fang Avenue, Wuhan 430022, Hubei Province, China.
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