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Chitooligosaccharides antagonize the cytotoxic effect of glucosamine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22805831     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chitooligosaccharides (COS) are partially hydrolyzed compounds derived from chitosan that exhibit a number of biological activities, including antitumor, antibacterial and antifungal properties. In this work, we examined the cytotoxicity of pure COS and oligomers A, B and C (solutions composed of different amounts of COS) produced by enzymatic hydrolysis using a crude enzyme extract produced by the fungus Metarhrizium anisopliae. The antiproliferative effect of these molecules was analyzed using tumor cell lines (HepG2 and HeLa cells) and in a normal cell line (3T3). The antioxidant activity was analyzed in several in vitro experiments. Glucosamine showed higher toxicity (approximately 92%) to all cell lines studied. However, the oligomers obtained after hydrolysis demonstrated no toxic effects on the normal cells (3T3). Furthermore, we showed that a small amount of other COS can decrease the cytotoxic effect of glucosamine against 3T3 cells, indicating that glucosamine could be used as an antitumor drug in the presence of other COS. In addition, different effects were found in antiproliferative assays, which depended on the COS composition in the oligomers (A, B and C), showing that a combination of them may be essential for developing antineoplastic drugs. Superoxide anion scavenging was the main antioxidant activity demonstrated by the COS and oligomers. This activity was also dependent on the oligomer composition of the chitosan hydrolysates. Further work will identify the ideal proportions of COS and glucosamine for maximizing the effects of these biological activities.
Authors:
Cristiane Fernandes de Assis; Leandro Silva Costa; Raniere Fagundes Melo-Silveira; Ruth Medeiros Oliveira; Maria Giovana Binder Pagnoncelli; Hugo Alexandre Oliveira Rocha; Gorete Ribeiro de Macedo; Everaldo Silvino Dos Santos
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-10-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of microbiology & biotechnology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1573-0972     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9012472     Medline TA:  World J Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1097-105     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Farmácia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Rua Gustavo Cordeiro de Faria, s/n, Petrópolis, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, cristianeassis@hotmail.com.
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