Document Detail

Chinese American family food systems: impact of Western influences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20219723     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the family food system in first-generation Chinese American families.
DESIGN: Qualitative interviews using reciprocal determinism constructs to understand influences on food choices.
SETTING: Weekend Chinese schools in Pennsylvania.
PARTICIPANTS: Twenty couples with at least 1 child aged 5 or older enrolled in a Chinese school in 1 of 3 sites in Pennsylvania.
PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Factors influencing adoption of Western food.
ANALYSIS: Thematic analysis with constant comparison of interview transcripts and descriptive statistics of demographic data. Families were divided into "modified" and "traditional" patterns based on degree of parental retention of the Chinese dinner pattern.
RESULTS: Many Chinese American families consumed convenient American food at breakfast, whereas they ate mainly Chinese food for lunch and dinner. Most parents reported their children were picky eaters and learned to prefer Western food to traditional Chinese food in institutional settings. Conflicts arose with children's requests for Western food disliked by their parents. Parents were especially frustrated about their children's refusal to eat vegetables. Most struggled to control children's food choices with inconsistent rules and inequitable rule enforcement at dinner. The father's view of the importance of the Chinese dinner pattern had the most impact on its retention in the face of children's demands.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Chinese American parents established rules backed by parental power to maintain a Chinese meal pattern. They appear to need guidance to identify healthful Western food items that satisfy children's preferences while preserving their vegetable intake.
Nan Lv; J Lynne Brown
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1878-2620     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2010 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-11     Completed Date:  2010-05-17     Revised Date:  2013-01-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Society for Nutrition Education. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Asian Americans / psychology*
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Child, Preschool
Choice Behavior
Diet / ethnology*
Food Preferences / ethnology*,  psychology*
Middle Aged
Parent-Child Relations
Parents / education*,  psychology
Young Adult

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