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The China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (China PEACE) retrospective study of acute myocardial infarction: study design.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24221838     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are rising as a cause of death and disability in China. To improve outcomes for patients with these conditions, the Chinese government, academic researchers, clinicians, and >200 hospitals have created China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (China PEACE), a national network for research and performance improvement. The first study from China PEACE, the Retrospective Study of Acute Myocardial Infarction (China PEACE-Retrospective AMI Study), is designed to promote improvements in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) quality of care by generating knowledge about the characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of patients hospitalized with AMI across a representative sample of Chinese hospitals during the past decade.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The China PEACE-Retrospective AMI Study will examine >18 000 patient records from 162 hospitals identified using a 2-stage cluster sampling design within economic-geographic regions. Records were chosen from 2001, 2006, and 2011 to identify temporal trends. Data quality will be monitored by a central coordinating center and will, in particular, address case ascertainment, data abstraction, and data management. Analyses will examine patient characteristics, diagnostic testing patterns, in-hospital treatments, in-hospital outcomes, and variation in results by time and site of care. In addition to publications, data will be shared with participating hospitals and the Chinese government to develop strategies to promote quality improvement.
CONCLUSIONS: The China PEACE-Retrospective AMI Study is the first to leverage the China PEACE platform to better understand AMI across representative sites of care and during the past decade in China. The China PEACE collaboration among government, academicians, clinicians, and hospitals is poised to translate research about trends and patterns of AMI practices and outcomes into improved care for patients.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: Unique identifier: NCT01624883.
Kumar Dharmarajan; Jing Li; Xi Li; Zhenqiu Lin; Harlan M Krumholz; Lixin Jiang;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1941-7705     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-22     Completed Date:  2014-08-15     Revised Date:  2014-11-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101489148     Medline TA:  Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  732-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
China / epidemiology
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Epidemiologic Research Design
Knowledge Bases
Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  therapy*
Quality Improvement
Retrospective Studies
Grant Support

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