Document Detail

Children's acquisition and retention of safety skills: the Lifeskills program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16751445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of safety skills performance and knowledge, to evaluate the education offered by the Lifeskills "Learning for Living" village, Bristol, UK which emphasizes interactive learning-by-doing. DESIGN: Two quasi-experimental matched control group studies. Study 1: knowledge and performance three months post-intervention. Study 2: knowledge pre-intervention and post-intervention at three time points, to distinguish between immediate learning and longer term retention. SETTING: The Lifeskills training village, Bristol, UK; primary schools in four education authorities in the area. PARTICIPANTS: Study 1: 145 children aged 10-11 years; 109 from the Lifeskills program, 36 control. Study 2: 671 children aged 10-11 years; 511 Lifeskills, 160 control. OUTCOME MEASURES: Three areas (road, home, and fire safety). Five performance tests: observation of children's safety skills. Five knowledge tests: pictorial quiz. RESULTS: Study 1: Lifeskills/intervention children did better than control children on performance and knowledge tests. The knowledge-performance correlation was r = 0.51. Study 2: intervention children did better than control children immediately after the intervention and three months later on all five knowledge tests. On three tests the intervention group showed retention of knowledge from immediately post-intervention to three months, but on two tests there was some loss. This loss was primarily among children from scholastically lower achieving schools. In all other respects the intervention was equally successful for boys and girls, and for children from higher and lower achieving schools. CONCLUSIONS: The Lifeskills package improved both knowledge and performance but had shortcomings. Complexity of material did not affect knowledge acquisition but did affect its retention.
R Lamb; M S Joshi; W Carter; G Cowburn; A Matthews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1353-8047     ISO Abbreviation:  Inj. Prev.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-05     Completed Date:  2007-03-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9510056     Medline TA:  Inj Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Accident Prevention / methods
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Program Evaluation
Retention (Psychology)*
Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control*
Comment In:
Inj Prev. 2006 Jun;12(3):138-9   [PMID:  16751441 ]

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