Document Detail


Childhood trauma, trauma in adulthood, and psychiatric diagnoses: results from a community sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18243889     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study compared the prevalence rates of various psychiatric disorders in persons with first onset of a potentially traumatic event (PTE) in childhood, persons with first onset of a PTE in adulthood, and those with no history of a PTE in a representative sample of Chileans. The Diagnostic of Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revised Third Edition (DSM-III-R), posttraumatic stress disorder, and antisocial personality disorder modules from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule and modules for a range of DSM-III-R diagnoses from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were administered to 2390 Chileans. The study found that exposure to a lifetime PTE was associated with a higher probability of psychiatric morbidity than no PTE exposure. A PTE with childhood onset relative to adult onset was related to lifetime panic disorder, independent of the number of lifetime and demographic differences between the 2 groups. Childhood interpersonal trauma compared with interpersonal trauma in adulthood was significantly associated with lifetime panic disorder, agoraphobia, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Our findings suggest that specific disorders are linked to interpersonal trauma and PTEs that occur in childhood rather than later in life.
Authors:
Caron Zlotnick; Jennifer Johnson; Robert Kohn; Benjamin Vicente; Pedro Rioseco; Sandra Saldivia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comprehensive psychiatry     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0010-440X     ISO Abbreviation:  Compr Psychiatry     Publication Date:    2008 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-04     Completed Date:  2008-05-13     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372612     Medline TA:  Compr Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. czlotnick@butler.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Child
Comorbidity
Demography
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders*
Female
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Male
Mood Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Prevalence
Severity of Illness Index
Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K24 MH070769-04/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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