Document Detail

Childhood physical abuse, early social support, and risk for maltreatment: current social support as a mediator of risk for child physical abuse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11214816     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated whether perceptions of social support in adulthood partially mediated the associations between childhood experiences (i.e., receipt of physical abuse and levels of early social support) and adult risk for child physical abuse. METHOD: Participants included 598 general population adults who completed self-report measures designed to assess childhood physical abuse, perceptions of early and current social support, and risk factors for child physical abuse. Structural equation modeling was used to test and cross validate a model that included the direct effects of child physical abuse and early social support on child physical abuse risk, as well as mediated effects through an influence on adult perceptions of social support. RESULTS: Childhood physical abuse and early social support covaried, such that receipt of physical abuse was associated with lower levels of perceived early social support. Early support, but not child physical abuse, had an indirect effect (i.e., through current support) on child physical abuse risk. More specifically, levels of early support were directly related to adult perceptions of support, and adult perceptions of support were inversely associated with child physical abuse risk. Childhood physical abuse was directly related to child physical abuse risk. CONCLUSIONS: Low levels of early support may impact risk for child physical abuse by affecting perceptions of others as supportive in adulthood. The receipt of physical abuse in childhood, however, does not appear to impact perceptions of support in adulthood. Research is needed to identify additional factors that may explain the association between receipt of physical abuse in childhood and increased risk of child physical abuse in adulthood.
J L Crouch; J S Milner; C Thomsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child abuse & neglect     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0145-2134     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Abuse Negl     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-14     Completed Date:  2001-03-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801702     Medline TA:  Child Abuse Negl     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-107     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for the Study of Family Violence and Sexual Assault, Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb 60115, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Child Abuse / psychology*
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological*
Risk Assessment
Social Support*

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