Document Detail

Childhood meningitis in a tertiary hospital in Addis Ababa: clinical and epidemiological features.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11338465     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hospital based prospective study of 136 children aged 3 months to 12 years admitted as cases of meningitis between June 1996 and May 1997 was undertaken to assess the epidemiological features, evaluate the outcome and measure the duration of clinical improvement after initiation of treatment. Infants accounted for 79 (58%) of cases and 23 (68%) of deaths. Next to fever and vomiting, neurologic signs were the commonest presentation. H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae and N. meningitidis accounted for 90% of culture isolates. Delayed presentation, partial treatment, altered sensorium at admission and pneumococcal meningitis were risk factors for mortality. The morbidity and mortality rates were 25% of total cases each. The mean duration of fever was 3.7 (+/- 2.27) days after treatment. The morbidity and mortality rates are still high in this hospital.
M Hailu; L Muhe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethiopian medical journal     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0014-1755     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethiop. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-07     Completed Date:  2001-05-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373223     Medline TA:  Ethiop Med J     Country:  Ethiopia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  29-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa.
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MeSH Terms
Child Welfare*
Child, Preschool
Ethiopia / epidemiology
Hospital Mortality
Hospitals, Urban
Meningitis / complications,  epidemiology*,  microbiology*,  therapy
Population Surveillance
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Survival Analysis
Treatment Outcome

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