Document Detail

Childhood Rubella Encephalitis: Diagnosis, Management, and Outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23275435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
We to report clinical biological and radiologic features of rubella encephalitis in childhood and assess its prognostic impact. Our retrospective study was conducted in an intensive care unit of a university hospital in Sfax, Tunisia. Twenty-one children (age range, 1-15 years) were included. Median age was 9 years (lower and upper quartiles, 7-11 years). On admission, generalized maculopapular eruption was found in 17 cases (81%). Median Glasgow Coma Scale score was 7 (lower and upper quartiles, 7-8). Twenty patients (95.2%) experienced at least 1 episode of seizures. Sixteen patients (76.2%) developed a status epilepticus. The result for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay detecting anti-rubella immunoglobulin (M) was positive in the serum and in the cerebrospinal fluid samples for all our patients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain was performed on admission for 3 patients (14.3%) and within a median of 4 days (lower and upper quartiles, 2-6 days) for 8 patients. The test was normal in 6 cases. Two deaths were recorded (9.5%). Survivors had no neurological sequelae 6 months after intensive care unit discharge.
Anis Chaari; Mabrouk Bahloul; Lamia Berrajah; Sahar Ben Kahla; Nourhene Gharbi; Hela Karray; Mounir Bouaziz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child neurology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-8283     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Child Neurol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8606714     Medline TA:  J Child Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1Department of Intensive Care, Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia.
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