Document Detail


Child mortality estimation: accelerated progress in reducing global child mortality, 1990-2010.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22952441     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Monitoring development indicators has become a central interest of international agencies and countries for tracking progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. In this review, which also provides an introduction to a collection of articles, we describe the methodology used by the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation to track country-specific changes in the key indicator for Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4), the decline of the under-five mortality rate (the probability of dying between birth and age five, also denoted in the literature as U5MR and (5)q(0)). We review how relevant data from civil registration, sample registration, population censuses, and household surveys are compiled and assessed for United Nations member states, and how time series regression models are fitted to all points of acceptable quality to establish the trends in U5MR from which infant and neonatal mortality rates are generally derived. The application of this methodology indicates that, between 1990 and 2010, the global U5MR fell from 88 to 57 deaths per 1,000 live births, and the annual number of under-five deaths fell from 12.0 to 7.6 million. Although the annual rate of reduction in the U5MR accelerated from 1.9% for the period 1990-2000 to 2.5% for the period 2000-2010, it remains well below the 4.4% annual rate of reduction required to achieve the MDG 4 goal of a two-thirds reduction in U5MR from its 1990 value by 2015. Thus, despite progress in reducing child mortality worldwide, and an encouraging increase in the pace of decline over the last two decades, MDG 4 will not be met without greatly increasing efforts to reduce child deaths.
Authors:
Kenneth Hill; Danzhen You; Mie Inoue; Mikkel Z Oestergaard;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2012-08-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  PLoS medicine     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1549-1676     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS Med.     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-06     Completed Date:  2012-12-12     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101231360     Medline TA:  PLoS Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1001303     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America. kenneth_hill_1@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Child Mortality / trends*
Geography
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality / trends
Internationality*
Statistics as Topic*
United Nations / statistics & numerical data
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
Kenneth Hill / ; Leontine Alkema / ; Simon Cousens / ; Trevor Croft / ; Michel Guillot / ; Jon Pedersen / ; Neff Walker / ; John Wilmoth / ; Gareth Jones /
Comments/Corrections

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