Document Detail


Child Neurology: Brachial plexus birth injury: What every neurologist needs to know.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21844527     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
While most often transient, brachial plexus birth injury can cause permanent neurologic injury. The major risk factors for brachial plexus birth injury are fetal macrosomia and shoulder dystocia. The degree of injury to the brachial plexus should be determined in the neonatal nursery, as those infants with the most severe injury-root avulsion-should be referred early for surgical evaluation so that microsurgical repair of the plexus can occur by 3 months of life. Microsurgical repair options include nerve grafts and nerve transfers. All children with brachial plexus birth injury require ongoing physical and occupational therapy and close follow-up to monitor progress.
Authors:
Christina B Pham; Johannes R Kratz; Angie C Jelin; Amy A Gelfand
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurology     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1526-632X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurology     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401060     Medline TA:  Neurology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  695-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
UCSF Department of Neurology, Box 0114, 505 Parnassus Ave, M-798, San Francisco, CA 94143-0114 GelfandA@neuropeds.ucsf.edu.
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