Document Detail

Child Maltreatment, Dating Perpetration of Physical Assault, and Cortisol Reactivity among Disadvantaged Female Adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22986624     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose: Few studies have examined HPA-axis stress reactivity and its relationship to histories of child maltreatment and physical aggression. We examined the relation of history of childhood sexual abuse and perpetration of dating violence to patterns of cortisol change before (resting) and after (reactivity) exposure to a laboratory stressor. Methods: In a sample of 40 disadvantaged sexually active female adolescent patients (ages 14-17), we collected self-reports of lifetime child maltreatment (5 types), and past-year female perpetration of physical assault acts toward a romantic partner. We assessed changes in salivary cortisol trajectories during resting and reactivity phases following the viewing of a teen dating violence vignette. Results: Reports of childhood sexual abuse (CSA+ group) were associated with reports of severe dating perpetration of physical assault (PA+ group), but the relation of these reports to laboratory-assessed patterns of cortisol change following the stressor was opposite. As compared with subjects without victimization or perpetration histories (referent group), the CSA+ group showed the most pronounced positive slope (reactivity), whereas the PA+ group showed the least positive slope following the laboratory stressor after the overlap between these groups was statistically adjusted. While showing less reactivity to the laboratory stressor, the PA+ group had higher levels of resting cortisol which stayed high during reactivity as compared to the referent group. Conclusion: The laboratory paradigm to elicit neuroendocrine stress-related cortisol reactivity appears to be a promising tool for identifying altered cortisol physiology among female adolescents with mixed histories of childhood sexual abuse and dating perpetration of physical assault.
L Oriana Linares; Patrick E Shrout; Anne Nucci-Sack; Angela Diaz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroendocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1423-0194     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuroendocrinology     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0035665     Medline TA:  Neuroendocrinology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Mount Sinai Adolescent Health Center, New York, N.Y., USA.
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