Document Detail

Chicken sternal cartilage for simulated septal cartilage graft carving: a rhinoplasty educational model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21131454     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: In rhinoplasty, cartilage is often harvested from the nasal septum and meticulously carved into delicate grafts designed to reshape and strengthen the nasal osteocartilaginous framework. Proficiency at this task develops with experience in the clinical setting.
OBJECTIVE: The author offers a simulated educational model designed to provide rhinoplasty surgeons with increased preclinical experience in cartilage graft carving.
METHODS: This model relies on inexpensive, food-grade chickens, which may be purchased at any grocery store. Four whole chickens were dissected to expose and harvest the sternal (breast/keel) cartilage. A technique was developed for preparing the cartilage to approximate the shape and dimensions of human septal cartilage. Measurements were made to demonstrate similarities between the model material and the human septum.
RESULTS: The average weight of the chickens was 4.27 lb. The average cartilage height, length, and thickness were 2.36 cm, 6.13 cm, and 3.4 mm, respectively. This size compared favorably with typical septal harvest pieces, which had both heights and lengths of 2.5 cm and thicknesses of 3.25 mm. The author found that one sternal cartilage piece could be employed to carve two spreader grafts, a columellar strut graft, a tip graft, and two alar rim cartilage grafts. The performance of the avian cartilage was subjectively very similar to that of septal cartilage. Furthermore, two pieces of the sternal cartilage could be glued together and fastened within a model of a human skull to replicate the cartilaginous septum in situ. This construct was employed for demonstrations of actual septal cartilage harvest.
CONCLUSIONS: Carving septal cartilage into grafts is a difficult process. Precision and improved results increase with clinical experience on human patients, but this cadaveric avian (chicken) model provides an opportunity for simulated surgical training on a very similar tissue type at a very low cost. This model has the potential to improve human outcomes by providing increased practice opportunities in a procedure that requires precision and artistry for the formation of reproducible geometric graft shapes.
Adam Bryce Weinfeld
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aesthetic surgery journal / the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic surgery     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1527-330X     ISO Abbreviation:  Aesthet Surg J     Publication Date:    2010 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9707469     Medline TA:  Aesthet Surg J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  810-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Seton Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas, University Medical Center Brackenridge Austin, Texas, USA.
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