Document Detail


Chicken extract affects colostrum protein compositions in lactating women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14711459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the effect of supplementation with chicken extract on plasma and colostrum protein compositions in lactating women. Thirty healthy pregnant women were evenly divided into the control (n = 15) or chicken extract (CE) group (n = 15). The CE group was given one bottle (70 mL/bottle) of chicken extract three times a day to provide 18 g protein from the 37th week pregnancy to 3 days postpartum. All women in the CE group consumed chicken extract at least for 2 weeks (18 +/- 5 days). High protein supplement was restricted in the control group. Blood samples were collected during the 37th week pregnancy and 3-day postpartum, and milk was collected during 3-day postpartum. The results showed that plasma total protein was significantly lower by 14% in the CE group compared with that in the control group during 3-day postpartum. Plasma epidermal growth factor (EGF) significantly elevated by 236% during 3-day postpartum compared with those during the 37th week pregnancy in the CE group. The levels of lactoferrin, EGF, and transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2) in colostrum significantly increased by 34%, 62%, and 196%, respectively, in the CE group compared with those in the control group. However, the levels of total protein, casein, lactalbumin, and secretory immunoglobulin A in colostrum did not significantly differ between two groups. Therefore, supplementation with chicken extract increased colostrum levels of lactoferrin, EGF, and TGF-beta2, which are important for the growth and immune functions of the infants, in lactating women.
Authors:
Jane C-J Chao; Hsu-Ping Tseng; Ching Wen Chang; Yi-Yi Chien; Heng Kien Au; Jiun-Rong Chen; Chin-Fa Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutritional biochemistry     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0955-2863     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-08     Completed Date:  2004-08-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010081     Medline TA:  J Nutr Biochem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Graduate Institute of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan 110.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Proteins / drug effects,  metabolism*
Body Constitution
Chickens
Epidermal Growth Factor / blood
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Lactation / drug effects,  physiology*
Male
Milk Proteins / drug effects,  metabolism*
Parity
Pregnancy
Tissue Extracts / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Proteins; 0/Milk Proteins; 0/Tissue Extracts; 62229-50-9/Epidermal Growth Factor

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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