Document Detail


Chest circumference as a screening method for low birth weight in newborns in rural Tanzania.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8165729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examines the value of head-, chest- and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and crown-to-coccyx length as a screening method for low birth weight. Results are presented of 2,710 consecutive live births, excluding infants with severe congenital abnormalities. Chest circumference (r = 0.84) and MUAC (r = 0.79) correlated best with birth weight. Variance in birth weight was explained by chest circumference in 70%, while a model including all variables accounted for 79%. At a cut-off level of 30.0 cm for chest circumference, detection rate for birth weight below 2,500 g and 2,000 g was 67% and 96%, respectively, while false-positive rate was 3 and 10%. At a cut-off level of 9.0 cm for MUAC, detection rate for birth weight below 2,500 and 2,000 g was 72% and 95%, respectively, while false-positive rate was 8% and 15%. Chest circumference is recommended as the first stage screening method of choice for LBW, when no weighing scale is available.
Authors:
G E Walraven; R J Mkanje; J van Roosmalen; P W van Dongen; W M Dolmans
Related Documents :
18469489 - Is maternal smoking during early pregnancy a risk factor for all low birth weight infants?
2722919 - Determinants of intrauterine growth retardation: evidence against maternal depletion.
17683559 - Influence of maternal and social factors as predictors of low birth weight in italy.
3792259 - Proportionality of small-for-gestational age babies at birth: perinatal associations an...
9692789 - Abnormal left ventricular diastolic filling patterns in small-for-gestational-age infants.
8738549 - Malnutrition in children under five in zimbabwe: effect of socioeconomic factors and di...
22633519 - Early and late onset sepsis in very-low-birth-weight infants from a large group of neon...
20046939 - Cortisol reactivity, maternal sensitivity, and infant preference for mother's familiar ...
21381589 - Klebsiella osteomyelitis of the right humerus involving the right shoulder joint in an ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical and geographical medicine     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0041-3232     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Geogr Med     Publication Date:  1994  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-26     Completed Date:  1994-05-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376231     Medline TA:  Trop Geogr Med     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-6     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Sumve Designated District Hospital, Mwanza Region, Tanzania.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anthropometry*
Birth Weight
Humans
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Neonatal Screening / methods*
Tanzania
Thorax / anatomy & histology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Comparison of perinatal outcome in rural Tanzania as obtained from a prospective community-based sur...
Next Document:  Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) in Central Africans.