Document Detail

Chest circumference as a screening method for low birth weight in newborns in rural Tanzania.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8165729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examines the value of head-, chest- and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and crown-to-coccyx length as a screening method for low birth weight. Results are presented of 2,710 consecutive live births, excluding infants with severe congenital abnormalities. Chest circumference (r = 0.84) and MUAC (r = 0.79) correlated best with birth weight. Variance in birth weight was explained by chest circumference in 70%, while a model including all variables accounted for 79%. At a cut-off level of 30.0 cm for chest circumference, detection rate for birth weight below 2,500 g and 2,000 g was 67% and 96%, respectively, while false-positive rate was 3 and 10%. At a cut-off level of 9.0 cm for MUAC, detection rate for birth weight below 2,500 and 2,000 g was 72% and 95%, respectively, while false-positive rate was 8% and 15%. Chest circumference is recommended as the first stage screening method of choice for LBW, when no weighing scale is available.
G E Walraven; R J Mkanje; J van Roosmalen; P W van Dongen; W M Dolmans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical and geographical medicine     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0041-3232     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Geogr Med     Publication Date:  1994  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-26     Completed Date:  1994-05-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376231     Medline TA:  Trop Geogr Med     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-6     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Sumve Designated District Hospital, Mwanza Region, Tanzania.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Neonatal Screening / methods*
Thorax / anatomy & histology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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