Document Detail

Chemotransduction properties of nodose ganglion cardiac afferent neurons in guinea pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10938229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine the chemotransduction characteristics of ventricular sensory neurites associated with nodose ganglion afferent neurons, various chemicals were applied individually to epicardial sensory neurites associated with individual afferent neurons in anesthetized guinea pigs. The following ion channel-modifying agents were tested: barium chloride, cadmium chloride, calcium chloride, the chelating agent EGTA, nickel chloride, potassium chloride, tetraethylammonium chloride, and veratridine. An acidic solution (pH 6.0) and oxygen-derived free radicals (H(2)O(2)) were tested. The following chemicals were also tested: adenosine, alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonists, angiotensin II, bradykinin, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), histamine, nicotine, the nitric oxide donor nitroprusside, substance P, and vasoactive intestinal peptide. A total of 102 cardiac afferent neurons was identified, of which approximately 66% were sensitive to mechanical stimuli applied to their epicardial sensory fields. Application of individual ion channel-modifying agents to epicardial sensory fields modified most associated afferent neurons, with barium chloride affecting each neuron studied. Ventricular sensory neurites associated with most identified neurons were also responsive to the other tested chemicals, with hydrogen peroxide, adenosine, angiotensin II, bradykinin, CGRP, clonidine, and nicotine inducing responses from at least 75% of the neurons studied. It is concluded that 1) the ventricular sensory neurites associated with nodose ganglion afferent neurons transduce a much wider variety of chemical stimuli than considered previously, 2) these sensory neurites employ a variety of membrane ion channels in their transduction processes in situ, and 3) adrenergic agents influence on sensory neurites associated with cardiac afferent neurons suggests the presence of a cardiac feedback mechanism involving local catecholamine release by adjacent sympathetic efferent postganglionic nerve terminals.
G W Thompson; M Horackova; J A Armour
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology     Volume:  279     ISSN:  0363-6119     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-31     Completed Date:  2000-08-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901230     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  R433-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Guinea Pigs
Heart Conduction System / cytology,  physiology*
Ion Channels / drug effects
Neurons, Afferent / physiology*
Neuropeptides / pharmacology
Nodose Ganglion / cytology,  physiology*
Physical Stimulation
Signal Transduction / physiology*
Stimulation, Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ion Channels; 0/Neuropeptides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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