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Chemoprotective effects of carnosine against genotoxicity induced by cyclophosphamide in mice bone marrow cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22535690     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The protective effects of carnosine as a natural dipeptide were investigated in mouse bone marrow cells against genotoxicity induced by cyclophosphamide. Mice were injected with solutions of carnosine at three different doses (10, 50 and 100 mg kg(-1) bw) for five consecutive days. On the fifth day of treatment, mice were injected cyclophosphamide and killed after 24 h. The frequency of micronuclei in polychromatic erythrocytes and the ratio of polychromatic erythrocyte/polychromatic erythrocyte + normochromatic erythrocyte [PCE/(PCE + NCE)] were evaluated by May-Grunwald/Giemsa staining. Histopathology of bone marrow was examined in mice treated with cyclophosphamide and carnosine. Carnosine significantly reduced micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MnPCEs) induced by cyclophosphamide at all three doses. Carnosine at dose of 100 mg kg(-1) bw reduced MnPCEs 3.76-fold and completely normalized the PCE/(PCE + NCE) ratio. Administration of carnosine inhibited bone marrow toxicity induced by cyclophosphamide. It appeared that carnosine with protective activity reduced the oxidative stress and genotoxicity induced by cyclophosphamide in bone marrow cells of mice. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Farshad Naghshvar; Shahrzad Mohseni Abianeh; Saeb Ahmadashrafi; Seyed Jalal Hosseinimehr
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell biochemistry and function     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1099-0844     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8305874     Medline TA:  Cell Biochem Funct     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
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