Document Detail


Chemometric discrimination among wild and cultured age-0 largemouth bass, black crappies, and white crappies based on fatty acid composition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15969511     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The potential to distinguish juvenile wild from cultured fishes and to discriminate among juvenile fishes by species based on fatty acid composition was demonstrated. Statistical approaches to data evaluation included analysis of variance, correlation analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), and quadratic discriminant analysis (QDA). Differences were determined between wild and cultured fishes both within and between species and between hatcheries. Fatty acid compositions were compared among individual (not composited) specimens of wild and cultured, age-0, freshwater species: largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides, black crappies Pomoxis nigromaculatus, white crappies P. annularis, and black-nose crappies. Four fatty acids were investigated: linoleic acid (18:2n-6), linolenic acid (18:3n-3), arachidonic acid (20:4n-6), and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3). Linoleic acid was the primary fatty acid used to differentiate juvenile wild from cultured fishes. Concentrations of linoleic acid were significantly different (p < 0.05) in cultured largemouth bass and black crappies from the wild counterparts. Linolenic acid concentrations were not significantly different (p < 0.05) between wild and cultured largemouth bass but were significantly different between wild and cultured black crappies. Wild largemouth bass contained higher concentrations of arachidonic acid than the cultured bass, and concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid were twice as high in wild black crappies than cultured black crappies. On the basis of four signature fatty acids, 90 of 91 juvenile fishes were correctly classified as wild or cultured; 32 of 37 wild juvenile fishes originating from the same reservoir were differentiated by species. Data from the training set were used to classify a test set of fishes as to species, source, or origin with 100% accuracy.
Authors:
Kay L Tritt; Christopher J O'Bara; Martha J M Wells
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-22     Completed Date:  2005-08-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5304-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for the Management, Utilization, and Protection of Water Resources, and the Department of Biology, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, 38505, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Aquaculture*
Arachidonic Acid / analysis
Bass / classification*
Diet
Docosahexaenoic Acids / analysis
Fatty Acids / analysis*
Lipids / analysis
Perciformes / classification*
Sensitivity and Specificity
alpha-Linolenic Acid / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Lipids; 25167-62-8/Docosahexaenoic Acids; 463-40-1/alpha-Linolenic Acid; 506-32-1/Arachidonic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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