Document Detail


Chemistry set poisoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9489095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A prospective survey of chemistry set poisoning (CSP) was undertaken using the monthly postal enquiry report system of the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit (BPSU). Fourteen cases were reported, with one fatality and uneventful full recovery in the other 13. The packaging of the chemicals was unsatisfactory in all cases: it was not child resistant and had no proper closures. Risk factors were lack of supervision 64.3%, emotional factors 28.6%, genuine accident 7% and unidentified 7%. An additional retrospective survey of CSP reported to the National Poisons Information Service centres over the same period added a further 19 cases of CSP, making a total of 33 cases, 14 (42%) being due to copper sulphate and four (12%) to cobalt chloride, respectively. This survey showed CSP to be a significant problem, with an incidence of 0.3 cases per 100,000 children. Six recommendations were made concerning child-resistant containers, toxic hazard warnings, size and content of the lettering, health education programmes targeted at the most vulnerable groups, and lastly, a legal restriction on the chemicals that can be included in these sets, so that the most toxic are excluded.
Authors:
E S Mucklow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical practice     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1368-5031     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Clin. Pract.     Publication Date:    1997 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-17     Completed Date:  1998-03-17     Revised Date:  2007-02-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712381     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Pract     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  321-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Paediatric Department, St Mary's Hospital, Newport, Isle of Wight, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Cobalt / poisoning*
Copper Sulfate / poisoning*
England / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Play and Playthings*
Pregnancy
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-48-4/Cobalt; 7646-79-9/cobaltous chloride; 7758-98-7/Copper Sulfate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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