Document Detail


Chemical poisonings among Kraków inhabitants in 1972 and 2002.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15521577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The patterns (frequency, poisoning type, toxic agent involved) of adolescent and adult poisonings in Kraków in 1972 and 2002 are presented. The analysis includes data for poisoned patients treated at the Kraków Department of Clinical Toxicology in 2002 and 1972, and all on the spot fatal cases subjected to post-mortem autopsy and toxicological examinations at the Department of Forensic Medicine in both the years. As much as 4116 poisoned cases (males 2722; females 1394) were treated in 2002 compared to 1485 (males 649; females 836) in 1972. There was no substantial difference between a number of poison related fatalities on the spot in years analysed: 126 (males 105; females 21) in 2002 and 122 (males 84; females 38) in 1972. An elevation in poisoning incidence rate per 10,000 of Kraków inhabitants was also noted in 2002 compared to 1972 (54.3 vs. 30.0). A pharmaceuticals (32.9%) followed by CO (18.2%) and mixed pharmaceuticals (16.2%) were mostly involved in poisoning cases in 1972, whereas ethanol (46%), pharmaceuticals (13.2%), pharmaceuticals co-ingested with ethanol (7.8%), narcotics (7.8%), mixed pharmaceuticals (6.7%), and CO (5.2%) were mostly involved in poisoning cases treated in 2002. A mortality rate both concerning only a people who died in hospital or/and those who died on the spot (prior to any treatment) was significantly higher in 1972 compared to 2002.
Authors:
Dorota Targosz; Krystyna Sancewicz-Pach; Beata Szkolnicka; Małgorzata Kłys
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Przegla̧d lekarski     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0033-2240     ISO Abbreviation:  Prz. Lek.     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-03     Completed Date:  2005-02-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  19840720R     Medline TA:  Przegl Lek     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  251-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Poison Information Centre, Department of Clinical Toxicology, Jagiellonian University Medical College in Kraków.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning / epidemiology
Ethanol / poisoning
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Pharmaceutical Preparations / adverse effects
Poisoning / epidemiology*,  etiology*
Poland / epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Street Drugs / poisoning
Suicide / statistics & numerical data
Survival Rate
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pharmaceutical Preparations; 0/Street Drugs; 64-17-5/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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