Document Detail

Chemical and physical characteristics of corn silages and their effects on in vitro disappearance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16291633     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Estimating the available energy in corn silage provides a unique challenge because the silage contains variable proportions of grain and stover, each of which can differ in availability due to chemical composition and physical form. The objectives of this study were to investigate relationships among chemical components and their relationships with in vitro disappearance of ground and unground dried silages, and to quantify minimally fragmented starch in corn silage and investigate its impact and that of mean particle size (MPS) on in vitro disappearance of unground silages. Thirty-two corn silages were selected to provide diversity in dry matter, protein, fiber, and MPS. Detergent fibers were highly correlated with each other and with nonfiber carbohydrates, and were used to develop prediction equations between these constituents. Sieves with apertures > or =4.75 mm were used to isolate intact kernels and large kernel fragments, which were collected and analyzed to measure minimally fragmented starch (Starch>4.75). Dividing Starch>4.75 by total starch defined the proportion of minimally fragmented starch (Starch>4.75/Total), which ranged from 9 to 100% with a mean of 52%. Starch>4.75/Total was positively correlated with MPS (r = 0.46). The inverse of Starch>4.75/Total is an index of kernel fragmentation. Silages were prepared as whole material or ground to pass through a 4- or 1-mm screen of a cutter mill. In vitro dry matter disappearance (IVDMD) was greater for ground than for whole samples (71.7 and 61.2%, respectively). Increased IVDMD for ground samples was attributed to greater in vitro neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and neutral detergent solubles (NDS) disappearances. The IVDMD of ground samples was related to NDF and acid detergent lignin (R2 = 0.80). The IVDMD of whole corn silage was related to acid detergent lignin, Starch>4.75, MPS, and dry matter. When IVDMD was partitioned into in vitro digestible NDS (IVdNDS) and in vitro digestible NDF, the IVdNDS of whole was not uniform or completely fermented. The difference in IVdNDS between ground and whole was related to Starch>4.75/Total. In conclusion, the proportion of minimally fragmented starch provides a corn silage fragmentation index that is related to the in vitro digestion of whole silages that, if validated by in vivo trials, may be a useful quantitative substitute for the qualitative processing adjustment factor that is used currently in summative equations for estimating the total digestible nutrients of corn silages.
G Ferreira; D R Mertens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  88     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-18     Completed Date:  2006-03-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4414-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dairy Science Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, 53706, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Carbohydrates / analysis
Dietary Fiber / analysis
Food Handling*
Lignin / analysis
Particle Size
Regression Analysis
Seeds / chemistry
Silage / analysis*
Starch / analysis
Zea mays / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbohydrates; 9005-25-8/Starch; 9005-53-2/Lignin

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