Document Detail

Chemical estimation of fresh water immersion intervals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3927709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Postmortem vitreous humor chemistry studies were reviewed in 25 cases in which death was followed by submersion in fresh water for known lengths of time. The potassium concentrations in cold temperature cases initially increased in a linear manner, but appeared to level off or decline after about 1 week. In hot weather cases, potassium levels rose rapidly during the first few days postmortem. The sodium and chloride levels decreased in a fairly regular fashion, with less temperature variation. Increasing variation in values began to occur at about 7 days. The data show that dilution of the contents of the eye by fresh water begins at about that time in cases of cold water submersion. A formula employing the weighted average of the potassium and chloride concentrations can be used to determine the duration of submersion in cold water over the range of 2-10 days.
M Bray
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology     Volume:  6     ISSN:  0195-7910     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Publication Date:  1985 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-09-06     Completed Date:  1985-09-06     Revised Date:  2011-02-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108948     Medline TA:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
Chemical Phenomena
Chlorides / metabolism
Fresh Water*
Glucose / metabolism
Nitrogen / metabolism
Potassium / metabolism
Sodium / metabolism
Time Factors
Vitreous Body / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chlorides; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 50-99-7/Glucose; 7440-09-7/Potassium; 7440-23-5/Sodium; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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