Document Detail

Chemical dependency in students with and without learning disabilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8409747     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine if students with learning disabilities (LD) demonstrate a higher frequency of chemical dependency than students without learning disabilities (NLD), a total of 191 adolescents with LD (101 males and 90 females) were given the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI). The sample consisted of 88 students with LD and 103 NLD students between the ages of 12 and 18. The SASSI is an objectively scored self-report inventory that accurately classifies adolescents as chemically dependent (CD) or not chemically dependent (NCD). A significantly higher proportion of students with LD than NLD students were classified as CD. Of the 30 students who were classified as CD, 70% were students with LD. A discriminant analysis indicated that the presence or absence of a learning disability was a better predictor of classification as CD or NCD than gender, ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status, or family composition. The implications for evaluation and educational planning for students with learning disabilities are discussed.
D D Karacostas; G L Fisher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of learning disabilities     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0022-2194     ISO Abbreviation:  J Learn Disabil     Publication Date:    1993 Aug-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-17     Completed Date:  1993-11-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157312     Medline TA:  J Learn Disabil     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  491-5     Citation Subset:  C    
Clark County School District, Las Vegas, Nevada.
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MeSH Terms
Education, Special / trends
Learning Disorders / complications*
Remedial Teaching / standards,  trends
Socioeconomic Factors
Substance-Related Disorders / complications*,  diagnosis
Teaching / manpower

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