Document Detail


Chemical constituents and biological activities of Senecio aegyptius var. discoideus Boiss.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22624330     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A new eremophilane sesquiterpene, 1-beta-hydroxy-8-oxoeremophila-7,9-dien-12-oic acid (1), in addition to two known flavonol glycosides, rutin (2) and quercetin-3-O-glucoside-7-O-rutinoside (3), was isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction obtained from the aqueous alcoholic extract of the aerial parts of Senecio aegyptius var. discoideus Boiss. (family Asteraceae). The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were established by 1D and 2D NMR analysis (1H, 13C, COSY, HMQC, HMBC), MS and UV data, and through comparison with the literature. The ethyl acetate fraction and the isolated rutin showed significant cytotoxic activity against colorectal carcinoma (HCT 116) and to less extent against brain (U 251) and breast carcinoma (MCF 7). The ethyl acetate fraction showed a significant level of activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae, while the total extract showed the best antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. DPPH radical scavenging activity of the ethyl acetate fraction was significant (96.7%) when compared to ascorbic acid. It also showed anti-inflammatory activity but no diuretic effect.
Authors:
Wafaa Hassan; Amal Al-Gendy; Hanan Al-Youssef; Assem El-Shazely
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0939-5075     ISO Abbreviation:  Z. Naturforsch., C, J. Biosci.     Publication Date:    2012 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8912155     Medline TA:  Z Naturforsch C     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  144-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyad, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
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