Document Detail


Chemical compositions and physicochemical properties of the fiber-rich materials prepared from shoyu mash residue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15913296     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fiber-rich materials including desalted shoyu mash residue (briefly referred as desalted mash residue, DMR), alcohol-insoluble solid (AIS), and water-insoluble solid (WIS) were prepared from shoyu mash residue, which is a filtration cake obtained during the isolation of shoyu by press filtration of fermented matrix in the final process. The DMR, AIS, and WIS contain rich dietary fiber of 52.4, 61.5, and 54.7 wt %, respectively. The DMR, AIS, and WIS all have significantly lower bulk densities, and higher water-holding capacities, oil-holding capacities, swelling abilities, and cation-exchange capacities than the control cellulose. These results indicated that the said fiber-rich materials prepared in this study all have the desired physicochemical properties for being used as satisfactory sources of dietary fibers or low-calorie bulk ingredients in food applications requiring oil and moisture retention. Furthermore, the said fiber-rich materials also have high contents of isoflavones, mainly daidzein and genistein, which are considered as the most bioavailable phytoestrogens, with a total amount of about 1200-1480 micromol/100 g (equal to daidzein of ca. 3040-3759 microg/g, or genistein of 3240-3996 microg/g). The results revealed that the said fiber-rich materials might be a potent fiber source for health foods.
Authors:
Hsiang-Yu Yeh; Nan-Wei Su; Min-Hsiung Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-25     Completed Date:  2005-07-05     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4361-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Graduate Institute of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adsorption
Chemistry, Physical
Dietary Fiber / analysis*,  pharmacology
Food Handling
Free Radical Scavengers / chemistry
Genistein / analysis
Glucose / chemistry
Isoflavones / analysis
Physicochemical Phenomena
Solubility
Soy Foods / analysis*
Water
alpha-Amylases / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Free Radical Scavengers; 0/Isoflavones; 446-72-0/Genistein; 486-66-8/daidzein; 50-99-7/Glucose; 7732-18-5/Water; EC 3.2.1.1/alpha-Amylases

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