Document Detail


Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of the volatile oils of leaves and flowers of Lantana camara L. cultivated in Egypt.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16083076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
GC and GC/MS analysis of the hydrodistilled volatile oils of the leaves and flowers of Lantana camara L. cv. flava (Verbenaceae) cultivated in Egypt revealed both qualitative and quantitative variations. Experimentally, twenty-nine and twenty-two components were identified in the volatile oils of leaves and flowers representing 91.91% and 95.24% of the total composition of both oils respectively. The major constituents of the leaves volatile oil were caryophyllene <E-> (9.76%), cineol <1.8-> (9.37%) and pinene <Beta-> (8.15%). The flowers volatile oils were caryophyllene <E-> (18.20%), humulene <Alpha-> (12.22 %) and bicyclegermacrene (10.33%). Comparing the chemical composition of the volatile oils of the leaves and flowers of L. canara cv., flava from different origins, seasons and even experimental conditions revealed that there are significant qualitative and quantitative variations. The larvicidal effect of the volatile oils of L. camara cv., flava leaves and flowers of was tested against the maturation of Musca domestica L. larvae in the laboratory at concentrations (0.0125%, 0.025%. 0.05%, 0.1% and 0.2%). They showed mortality rate ranged from 80%- 100%. On the other hand, 10-20% of the developed pupae emerged to adults. Adults' fecundity was in larvae given a concentration of 0.0125%. In conclusion, the volatile oils of the leaves and flowers of L. camara cv., flava can be safely recommended in controlling M. domestica 3rd stage larvae.
Authors:
Nevein M Abdel-Hady; Azza S Abdei-Halim; Al-Mewafy A Al-Ghadban
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1110-0583     ISO Abbreviation:  J Egypt Soc Parasitol     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-08     Completed Date:  2005-09-29     Revised Date:  2013-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8102141     Medline TA:  J Egypt Soc Parasitol     Country:  Egypt    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  687-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy (Girls), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Egypt
Fertility / drug effects
Flowers / chemistry
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Geography
Houseflies / drug effects*,  growth & development,  physiology
Insecticides / chemistry,  pharmacology*
Lantana / chemistry*
Oils, Volatile / chemistry*,  pharmacology*
Pest Control, Biological
Plant Leaves / chemistry
Seasons
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insecticides; 0/Oils, Volatile

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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