Document Detail

Chemical composition of the fruit mesocarp of three peach palm (Bactris gasipaes) populations grown in central Amazonia, Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12701237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The percent composition, soluble and insoluble food fibers, oil fatty acids and minerals were determined in the mesocarp of fruits of three peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth) populations grown in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Amino acids were also determined in one of the populations. The mean protein levels ranged from 1.8 to 2.7%, lipid levels ranged from 3.5 to 11.1%, the nitrogen free fraction ranged from 24.3 to 35%, food fiber ranged from 5.2% to 8.7%, and energy ranged from 179.1 to 207.4 kcal%. All essential, as well as non-essential, amino acids were present, with tryptophan and methionine presenting the lowest mean concentrations. The mono-unsaturated oleic acid predominated in the oil, ranging from 42.8 to 60.8%, and palmitic acid was the most abundant saturated fatty acid, ranging from 24.1 to 42.3%. Among the essential fatty acids, linoleic acid was the most abundant, with a maximum of 5.4% in Pampa-8. The most important mineral elements were potassium, selenium and chromium, respectively corresponding to 12%, 9% and 9% of daily recommended allowances. Considering the nutritional potential of the fruit, we suggest its more frequent incorporation into the diet of the Amazonian population.
Lúcia K O Yuyama; Jaime P L Aguiar; Kaoru Yuyama; Charles R Clement; Sonja H M Macedo; Deborah I T Fávaro; Claudia Afonso; Marina B A Vasconcellos; Sabria A Pimentel; Elsa S G Badolato; Helio Vannucchi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food sciences and nutrition     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0963-7486     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-18     Completed Date:  2003-05-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432922     Medline TA:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Research Institute for Amazonia (INPA-Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia), Av. André Araújo, 2936 Petrópolis, 69083-000 Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acids / analysis
Arecaceae / chemistry*
Calcium / analysis
Chromium / analysis
Dietary Fiber / analysis
Dietary Proteins / analysis
Fruit / chemistry*
Magnesium / analysis
Methionine / analysis
Nutritive Value
Oleic Acid / analysis
Palmitic Acid / analysis
Potassium / analysis
Selenium / analysis
Tryptophan / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Dietary Proteins; 112-80-1/Oleic Acid; 57-10-3/Palmitic Acid; 63-68-3/Methionine; 73-22-3/Tryptophan; 7439-95-4/Magnesium; 7440-09-7/Potassium; 7440-47-3/Chromium; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 7782-49-2/Selenium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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