Document Detail

Chemical characterization of milk oligosaccharides of an African lion (Panthera leo) and a clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21108689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The Carnivora include the superfamilies Canoidea and Feloidea. In species of Canoidea other than the domestic dog, Canis lupus, the milk contains only traces of lactose and much larger concentrations of oligosaccharides. In this study, lactose was found to be the dominant saccharide in the milk or colostrum of two species of Feloidea, namely the African lion (Panthera leo) and the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa). In addition to lactose, the following oligosaccharides were characterized in the milk of a lion; Neu5Gc(α2-3)Gal(β1-4)Glc (3'-NGc-SL), Fuc(α1-2)Gal(β1-4)Glc (2'-fucosyllactose) and GalNAc(α1-3)[Fuc(α1-2)]Gal(β1-4)Glc (A-tetrasaccharide). The colostrum of a clouded leopard contained 3'-NGc-SL, Gal(α1-3)Gal(β1-4)Glc (isoglobotriose) and A-tetrasaccharide. These oligosaccharides differ in some respects from those previously identified in another species of Feloidea, the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). These milks contained 3'-NGc-SL and A-tetrasaccharide, while spotted hyena colostrum did not; however, it contained Neu5Ac(α2-3)Gal(β1-4)Glc (3'-NAc-SL) and Gal(α1-3)[Fuc(α1-2)]Gal(β1-4)Glc (B-tetrasaccharide).
Akitsugu Senda; Emi Hatakeyama; Rui Kobayashi; Kenji Fukuda; Yusuke Uemura; Tadao Saito; Craig Packer; Olav T Oftedal; Tadasu Urashima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaihō     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1740-0929     ISO Abbreviation:  Anim. Sci. J.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100956805     Medline TA:  Anim Sci J     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  687-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Japanese Society of Animal Science.
Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan.
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