Document Detail


Chemical and bioactive traits during fruit ripening in eggplant (S. melongena L.) and allied species.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23134376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A chemical and bioactive quality evaluation of phytochemicals content of ten eggplant lines and three allied species (S. sodomaeum, S. aethiopicum and S. integrifolium) was performed. The eggplant lines were divided into the two subgroups of delphinidin-3-rutinoside (D3R) and nasunin (NAS) typologies, on the basis of the anthocyanin detected in their fruit skin. The allied species had higher glycoalkaloids content, lower soluble solids and PPO activity and absence of anthocyanins compared to the eggplant lines; S. sodomaeum stood out for high phenols content. Orthogonal contrast revealed a higher sugar content and low PPO activity in NAS- compared to D3R-typologies, while higher chlorogenic acid and anthocyanin contents were present in D3R-typologies. The main effect of the ripening was a decrease in phenols and in the PPO activity, not evidenced in S. sodomaeum, and an increase of glycoalkaloids in overripe fruits. A good relationship was found between superoxide anion scavenging capacity and chlorogenic acid. This study highlighted the pattern of accumulation, also evidencing variations, of several phytochemicals during the eggplant fruit development and ripening. KEYWORDS: glycoalkaloids; phenols; antioxidants; nasunin; delphinidin 3-rutinoside; S. aethiopicum; S. integrifolium; S. sodomaeum.
Authors:
Giuseppe Mennella; Roberto Lo Scalzo; Marta Fibiani; Antonietta D'Alessandro; Gianluca Francese; Laura Toppino; Nazzareno Acciarri; Adelia Emilia de Almeida; Giuseppe Leonardo Rotino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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