Document Detail

The Chemerin Receptor CMKLR1 is a Functional Receptor for Amyloid-β Peptide.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25079809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Amyloid-β peptides such as Aβ1-42 (Aβ42) play a pivotal role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ42 is neurotoxic and can activate microglial cells. These cells in turn migrate toward senile (neuritic) plaques and help to clear Aβ deposits through an endocytotic mechanism. It is of potential significance to characterize the Aβ42 receptors that mediate microglia chemotaxis and Aβ42 uptake. We found that the transcript of the chemerin receptor CMKLR1 was upregulated in the brain of AD patients and in mouse brain tissue following systemic LPS administration. CMKLR1 and Aβ42 colocalized in hippocampus and cortex of AβPP/PS1 transgenic mice. Moreover, Aβ42 bound specifically to CMKLR1 in stably transfected rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cells (CMKLR1-RBL), suggesting that CMKLR1 is a receptor for Aβ42. Aβ42 induced migration of primary microglia, the mouse microglial cell line N9, and CMKLR1-RBL cells, but not untransfected RBL-2H3 cells. Mechanistic studies showed that Aβ42 induced CMKLR1-dependent cell migration through activation of the ERK1/2, PKA, and Akt pathways, but not Ca2+ mobilization. Aβ42 stimulation of CMKLR1-RBL cells and primary glial cells led to internalization of the Aβ42-CMKLR1 complex, suggesting a potential role for CMKLR1 in Aβ42 clearance. Taken together, these results indicate that Aβ42 activates CMKLR1, leading to glia cell migration and clearance of Aβ42. CMKLR1 is a new addition to the repertoire of cell surface molecules that are responsible for Aβ processing and clearance.
Lei Peng; Yang Yu; Jin Liu; Shuqin Li; Huiqiong He; Ni Cheng; Richard D Ye
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1875-8908     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Alzheimers Dis.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814863     Medline TA:  J Alzheimers Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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