Document Detail


Charles Taylor, Phronesis, and Medicine: Ethics and Interpretation in Illness Narrative.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21900540     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper provides a brief overview and critique of the dominant objectivist understanding and use of illness narrative in Enlightenment (scientific) medicine and ethics, as well as several revisionist accounts, which reflect the evolution of this approach. In light of certain limitations and difficulties endemic in the objectivist understanding of illness narrative, an alternative phronesis approach to medical ethics influenced by Charles Taylor's account of the interpretive nature of human agency and language is examined. To this end, the account of interpretive medical responsibility previously described by Schultz and Carnevale as "clinical phronesis" (based upon Taylor's notion of "strong" or "radical evaluation") is reviewed and expanded. The thesis of this paper is that illness narrative has the ability to benefit patients as well as the potential to cause harm or iatrogenic effects. This benefit or harm is contingent upon how the story is told and understood. Consequently, these tales are not simply "nice stories," cathartic gestures, or mere supplements to scientific procedures and decision making, as suggested by the objectivist approach. Rather, they open the agent to meanings that provide a context for explanation and evaluation of illness episodes and therapeutic activities. This understanding provides indicators (guides) for right action. Hence, medical responsibility as clinical phronesis involves, first, the patient and providers coformulation and cointerpretation of what is going on in the patient's illness narrative, and second, the patient and provider's response to interpretation of the facts of illness and what they signify-not simply a response to the brute facts of illness, alone. The appeal to medical responsibility as clinical phronesis thus underscores the importance of getting the patient's story of illness right. It is anticipated that further elaboration concerning the idea of clinical phronesis as interpretive illness narrative will provide a new foundation for medical ethics and decision making.
Authors:
Dawson Stafford Schultz; Lydia Victoria Flasher
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of medicine and philosophy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-5019     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7610512     Medline TA:  J Med Philos     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.
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