Document Detail


Charges for criminal exposure to HIV and aggravated prostitution filed in the Nashville, Tennessee Prosecutorial Region 2000-2010.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23338564     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper examines comprehensive data on arrests for HIV-specific crimes within a single jurisdiction, the Nashville Tennessee prosecutorial region, over 11 years. There were 25 arrests for HIV exposure and 27 for aggravated prostitution. Eleven of the arrests for HIV exposure involved nonsexual behaviors; none alleged transmission. Sixteen of the arrests for HIV exposure involved sexual behavior; three alleged transmission. Aggravated prostitution cases (i.e. prostitution while knowing one has HIV) often involved solicitation of oral sex; none alleged transmission. Maximum sentences for HIV-specific crimes ranged from 5 to 8 years. We conclude that enforcement of US HIV-specific laws is underestimated. Fifty-two arrests over 11 years were recorded in one jurisdiction. Over half of the arrests involved behaviors posing minimal or no HIV transmission risk. Despite concerns about malicious, intentional HIV transmission, no cases alleged malice or intention.
Authors:
Carol L Galletly; Zita Lazzarini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AIDS and behavior     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1573-3254     ISO Abbreviation:  AIDS Behav     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-09-30     Completed Date:  2014-06-09     Revised Date:  2014-10-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712133     Medline TA:  AIDS Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2624-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Crime Victims*
Criminal Law / legislation & jurisprudence
Female
HIV Seropositivity / transmission*
Health Policy / legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Incidence
Law Enforcement*
Male
Middle Aged
Prostitution / legislation & jurisprudence*
Public Health* / legislation & jurisprudence
Sexual Behavior*
Tennessee / epidemiology
Truth Disclosure
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30 MH052776/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; P30-MH52776/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH091875/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01MH091875/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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