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Charcot arthropathy of the knee. A case-based review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21057837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The diagnosis of Charcot arthropathy in the knee is rare. However, there is an increasing number of diabetic patients, and they are living longer due to improvements in treatment. Because neuropathic arthropathy is a late effect of peripheral neuropathy, we can expect an increasing incidence of neuropathic arthropathy. Total knee arthroplasty is the preferred choice of treatment by patients, although it may also be associated with a high incidence of serious complications. This case report presents a young female with diabetes mellitus and Charcot arthropathy of the knee managed by total knee arthroplasty and a literature review. The report encompasses a 5-year follow-up of the patient, from the first contact after knee distortion through diagnosis of Charcot arthropathy and the performance of total knee arthroplasty with outpatient controls. The diagnosis was established on the basis of the rapid destruction of the medial tibial condyle after knee distortion in a patient with neuropathy. Neuropathic arthropathy was confirmed by histology. The patient refused knee fusion and total knee arthroplasty was performed. The patient quickly achieved a painless, stable knee with a 130-degree range of motion. However, a radiolucent line appeared under the tibial component due to premature weight-bearing. The patient was ordered to refrain from weight-bearing for the next 3 months, and the knee was healed. While the management of Charcot arthropathy in the knee remains controversial, total knee arthroplasty is not a contraindication. Early diagnosis, appropriate choice of implant and operative technique, and long-term weight protection are essential.
Authors:
Tomas Kucera; Karel Urban; Pavel Sponer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rheumatology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1434-9949     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Rheumatol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211469     Medline TA:  Clin Rheumatol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  425-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital and Medical Faculty of the Charles University, Sokolska 581, 500 05, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic, kucertom@fnhk.cz.
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