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Characterizing the immunological effects of oral healthcare ingredients using an in vitro reconstructed human epithelial model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25290854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Oral healthcare products are well tolerated and while adverse occurrences are rare there is still a need to explore the interaction between these products and the oral mucosa. This study assessed the effects of oral healthcare ingredients: sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS), a detergent; cinnamic aldehyde (CA), a flavouring agent; and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), an antiseptic, using a reconstructed human oral mucosal model (OMM). Differential release of inflammatory cytokines IL-1α, IL-8 and cytotoxicity was compared with other known irritants and sensitizers to identify a signature response profile that could be associated with oral mucosal irritation. Response profiles differed with irritants being more cytotoxic. CA and control sensitizers nickel sulphate (NiSO4) and 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) released lower levels of IL-1α than CPC and control irritant benzalkonium chloride (BC), whereas the opposite was observed for IL-8. Significant levels of IL-8 and IL-1α were released with 5-15mg/ml (0.5-1.5%w/v) SLS. Quantitative PCR indicated that cytokine release at lower SLS concentrations is not entirely due to cell necrosis but in part due to de novo synthesis. These findings suggest that the OMM can be used to predict oral irritation thus making it a potentially valuable model for screening new oral healthcare ingredients prior to clinical release.
Authors:
E Hagi-Pavli; D M Williams; J L Rowland; M Thornhill; A T Cruchley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-8    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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