Document Detail

Characterizing the fundamental social handicap in autism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1585806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The social impairments of autism, which are especially salient in autism of the Asperger type, have been attributed to a failure of affective processing, and more recently to a failure to develop a "theory of mind". Recent research evidence bearing on these theories is reviewed and a new hypothesis is put forward, based on research in progress, which posits a developmentally earlier abnormality of the "social gaze response": the inherent tendency of the normal infant to focus gaze and attention on social cues and, later, on objects in the environment as indicated by the gesture of gaze of others. Weakness or absence of the social gaze response is enough, it is argued, to account for many of the typical symptoms of autism, including the failure to acquire a theory of mind.
D Tantam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paedopsychiatrica     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0001-6586     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paedopsychiatr     Publication Date:  1992  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-06-17     Completed Date:  1992-06-17     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400661     Medline TA:  Acta Paedopsychiatr     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Warwick University, Coventry, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Autistic Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology*
Child, Preschool
Interpersonal Relations
Social Adjustment*
Social Behavior

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