Document Detail

Characterization of tinnitus by tinnitus patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2381186     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A questionnaire was administered to 528 tinnitus patients to obtain data on their reactions to tinnitus. Results include a discussion of: (a) population characteristics, (b) perceptual characteristics, (c) the impact of tinnitus on daily life, and (d) etiology. Significant gender differences are also discussed. Tinnitus was not an occasional phenomenon, but was present for more than 26 days per month in 74% of the patients. Other important findings about tinnitus include: (a) Hearing levels at 1000 and 4000 Hz were less than or equal to 25 dB HL for 18% of the tinnitus patients, which suggests that some patients had normal hearing or mild hearing losses; (b) the prevalence of tinnitus in patients with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) was 30% for males and only 3% for females; (c) about 25% of the patients reported tinnitus severity had increased since tinnitus onset; (d) the effects of tinnitus were more severe in patients who reported tinnitus as their primary complaint and in patients diagnosed as having Ménière's syndrome tinnitus; and (e) some patients reported that noise exacerbated their tinnitus, whereas others reported that a quiet background exacerbated their tinnitus.
J L Stouffer; R S Tyler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of speech and hearing disorders     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0022-4677     ISO Abbreviation:  J Speech Hear Disord     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-09-11     Completed Date:  1990-09-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376335     Medline TA:  J Speech Hear Disord     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  439-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Hearing Disorders / etiology
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / complications
Meniere Disease / complications
Middle Aged
Tinnitus* / complications,  physiopathology
Grant Support

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