Document Detail


Characterization of thin layer drying of Spirulina platensis utilizing perpendicular air flow.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18922691     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Spirulina is the most extensively used microalgae for animal and human nutrition mostly because of its high protein content, 60-65% on a dry weight basis. The drying is the most expensive operation. The aim of the study was to characterize drying of Spirulina platensis in thin layer. A Statistical model was applied to analyze the effects of independent variables (air temperature and loads of solids in the tray) on the response of solubility in acid medium. The analysis of phycocyanin content was determined at the best drying condition. The Spirulina isotherm data were adjusted through Guggenheim, Anderson and de Boer (GAB) and Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) correlations. The nonlinear regression analysis of isotherms data showed that the GAB equation more effective adjusted the experimental data (R(2)>99% and E%<10%). Drying curves of Spirulina showed only a decreasing rate-drying period. The material load and the interaction between the air temperature and material load were significant effects (P0.05), and the best results of solubility in acid medium ( approximately 79%) occurred at 60 degrees C and 4 kg/m(2). In under these conditions the phycocyanin content was determined to be 12.6% of dried Spirulina.
Authors:
E G Oliveira; G S Rosa; M A Moraes; L A A Pinto
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  100     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-12     Completed Date:  2008-12-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1297-303     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Unit Operations, School of Chemistry and Food, Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air
Computer Simulation
Desiccation / methods*
Hot Temperature
Models, Biological*
Models, Chemical*
Models, Statistical
Rheology / methods
Solubility
Spirulina / chemistry*
Water / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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