Document Detail

Characterization and regulation of the gene expression of amino acid transport system A (SNAT2) in rat mammary gland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16787963     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Amino acid transport via system A plays an important role during lactation, promoting the uptake of small neutral amino acids, mainly alanine and glutamine. However, the regulation of gene expression of system A [sodium-coupled neutral amino acid transporter (SNAT)2] in mammary gland has not been studied. The aim of the present work was to understand the possible mechanisms of regulation of SNAT2 in the rat mammary gland. Incubation of gland explants in amino acid-free medium induced the expression of SNAT2, and this response was repressed by the presence of small neutral amino acids or by actinomycin D but not by large neutral or cationic amino acids. The half-life of SNAT2 mRNA was 67 min, indicating a rapid turnover. In addition, SNAT2 expression in the mammary gland was induced by forskolin and PMA, inducers of PKA and PKC signaling pathways, respectively. Inhibitors of PKA and PKC pathways partially prevented the upregulation of SNAT2 mRNA during adaptive regulation. Interestingly, SNAT2 mRNA was induced during pregnancy and to a lesser extent at peak lactation. beta-Estradiol stimulated the expression of SNAT2 in mammary gland explants; this stimulation was prevented by the estrogen receptor inhibitor ICI-182780. Our findings clearly demonstrated that the SNAT2 gene is regulated by multiple pathways, indicating that the expression of this amino acid transport system is tightly controlled due to its importance for the mammary gland during pregnancy and lactation to prepare the gland for the transport of amino acids during lactation.
Adriana López; Nimbe Torres; Victor Ortiz; Gabriela Alemán; Rogelio Hernández-Pando; Armando R Tovar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-06-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  291     ISSN:  0193-1849     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-09     Completed Date:  2006-11-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E1059-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Fisiología de la Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acid Transport Systems / genetics*,  metabolism*
Amino Acids, Neutral / metabolism
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors,  metabolism
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Estradiol / pharmacology
Gene Expression Regulation / physiology*
Lactation / physiology*
Mammary Glands, Animal / physiology*
Progesterone / pharmacology
Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors,  metabolism
RNA Stability / physiology
Rats, Wistar
Signal Transduction / drug effects,  physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acid Transport Systems; 0/Amino Acids, Neutral; 0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/SNAT2 protein, rat; 50-28-2/Estradiol; 57-83-0/Progesterone; EC AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases; EC Kinase C

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