Document Detail

Characterization of pulsatile secretion and clearance of plasma cortisol in premature and term neonates using deconvolution analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8345052     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pulsatile secretion of cortisol (F) has not been documented in the newborn infant. Using repeated blood sampling and deconvolution analysis, we investigated F secretion and elimination dynamics in a group of five premature (gestational age, 24-34 weeks) and five term neonates. These infants had required placement of an umbilical arterial cannula for monitoring respiratory status, but were otherwise clinically stable. Blood samples were obtained at 15-min intervals for a 6-h period. All plasma F determinations were 58 nmol/L (2.1 micrograms/dL) or more, and pulsatile F secretion was observed in all infants. No significant differences were noted between the two groups with regard to 6-h mean plasma F concentration [350 +/- 129 (premature) vs. 277 +/- 54 nmol/L (term)], plasma corticosteroid-binding globulin (14 +/- 0 vs. 13 +/- 1 mg/L), F secretory burst frequency (4 +/- 0 vs. 5 +/- 1 bursts/6 h), mass of F secreted per burst [760 +/- 480 vs. 310 +/- 100 nmol/Lv [Lv, liter of F distribution volume)], F production rate (FPR; 2.7 +/- 1.4 vs. 1.1 +/- 0.2 mumol/Lv.6 h), or plasma F half-life (45 +/- 6 vs. 56 +/- 4 min). However, the premature infants had a significantly longer F secretory burst half-duration (63 +/- 18 vs. 6.7 +/- 4.0 min; P < 0.01) and a significantly lower maximal F secretory rate (9.4 +/- 3.4 vs. 100 +/- 26 nmol/Lv.min; P < 0.02) than the term infants. Body surface area and body weight were inversely correlated with F secretory burst half-duration (r = -0.74 and -0.75, respectively); both were also positively correlated with the maximal F secretory rate (r = 0.66 and 0.72). The two most premature infants had significantly greater mean plasma F and FPR than the other three premature and all of the term infants. Extrapolating to 24 h and correcting for the distribution volume of F and body surface area, we estimate FPR to be approximately 17-24 mumol/m2.24 h (6.6-8.8 mg/m2.24 h) for newborn infants of 34 weeks or more gestational age. These values are consistent with newer estimates of FPR in older children and adults determined using either deconvolution analysis or stable isotope dilution methods.
D L Metzger; N M Wright; J D Veldhuis; A D Rogol; J R Kerrigan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0021-972X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-09-09     Completed Date:  1993-09-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375362     Medline TA:  J Clin Endocrinol Metab     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  458-63     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville 22908.
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MeSH Terms
Adrenal Cortex / secretion*
Body Surface Area
Body Weight
Computer Simulation
Hydrocortisone / blood,  secretion*
Infant, Newborn / blood*
Infant, Premature / blood*
Models, Biological
Regression Analysis
Transcortin / biosynthesis
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; 9010-38-2/Transcortin

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