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Characterization of low-pathogenicity H5 and H7 Korean avian influenza viruses in chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23155017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To date, all isolated highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses that cause systemic infection with a high mortality rate in poultry species have been known to belong to either the H5 or H7 subtypes. The HPAI viruses may originate because of the insertion of multiple basic amino acids at the cleavage site of the hemagglutinin protein after the low-pathogenic H5 and H7 viruses have been introduced into poultry. In the present study, we investigated the phylogenetic characteristics of the H5 (n = 4) and H7 (n = 3) low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses isolated from wild birds in Korea by using nucleotide sequences of all 8 gene segments of the viral genome. Further, we evaluated the infectivity, transmissibility, and pathogenic potential of these viruses in chickens. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all viruses used in the study clustered in the Eurasian lineage and were similar to the viruses isolated in Asian countries that share the East Asian-Australasian migratory bird flyway. Our H5N2 isolates could not be replicated and transmitted in chickens, but the H7N8 isolates could efficiently be replicated and transmitted to contact-exposure chickens. In addition, because our H7N8 isolates caused watery diarrhea in chickens, these viruses cannot only serve as progenitors of novel HPAI strains but also potentially cause clinical disease in poultry. Although there have been no reports of LPAI mutation to HPAI in these regions, the wild bird surveillance effort should focus on monitoring the introduction and transmission of the HPAI H5N1 and LPAI H5 and H7 viruses.
Authors:
D-H Lee; J-H Kwon; J-K Park; Y-N Lee; S-S Yuk; J-B Lee; S-Y Park; I-S Choi; C-S Song
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3086-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Avian Disease Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 1 Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 143-701, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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