Document Detail

Characterization of the essential oil volatiles of Satureja thymbra and Satureja parnassica: influence of harvesting time and antimicrobial activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16608243     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Seasonal variation in chemical composition of essential oils obtained from Satureja parnassica subsp. parnassica Heldr. & Sart ex Boiss. and Satureja thymbra L. was determined by GC and GC-MS analysis. The in vitro antibacterial activities of these essential oils were evaluated at two different initial levels against two common foodborne bacteria. Their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and noninhibitory concentration (NIC) values were determined via an innovative automated technique, which was applied on a Malthus apparatus combining the conductance measurements with the common dilution method. The essential oil concentration fluctuated greatly during the period examined and established that the Satureja oils obtained during the flowering period were the most potent, exhibiting the lowest MIC values and retaining remarkable bactericidal properties. Thus, they represent an inexpensive source of natural antibacterial substances that exhibit potential for use in food systems to prevent the growth of foodborne bacteria and to extend the shelf life of the processed food.
Nikos Chorianopoulos; Epameinontas Evergetis; Athanasios Mallouchos; Eleftherios Kalpoutzakis; George-John Nychas; Serkos A Haroutounian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-12     Completed Date:  2006-06-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3139-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Agricultural University of Athens, Iera odos 75, Athens 11855, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
Chromatography, Gas
Food Microbiology
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Monoterpenes / analysis
Oils, Volatile / chemistry*,  pharmacology*
Satureja / chemistry*
Thymol / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Monoterpenes; 0/Oils, Volatile; 499-75-2/carvacrol; 89-83-8/Thymol

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