Document Detail

Characterization of an emerging heterosexual HIV epidemic in Russia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18496470     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The Russian Federation is currently experiencing one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics worldwide. The objective was to identify sexual risk factors for recent heterosexually-acquired HIV infections. METHODS: A case-control study of recent HIV infection was conducted in the regions of Altaiskiy Krai, Krasnoyarskiy Krai, Saratov Oblast, and Tverskaya Oblast. Data from 166 participants who did not report recent injection drug use were analyzed (19 male cases, 22 male controls, 67 female cases, 58 female controls). Independent risk factors for HIV infection are reported as adjusted odds ratios (AOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Risk factors were unprotected sex with an HIV-positive/status unknown regular partner (among women only: AOR 5.4, 95% CI 2.1-13); a regular sexual partner who was an injection drug user (AOR 3.6, 95% CI 1.5-8.5); 5 or more sexual partners (among men only: AOR 2.7, 95% CI 0.66-11); unprotected sex with a partner who had a diagnosed sexually transmitted infection (STI) or signs/symptoms of an STI (AOR 6.4, 95% CI 1.1-38); and undiagnosed signs/symptoms of an STI (AOR 3.4, 95% CI 1.5-7.6). CONCLUSIONS: These data provide evidence of bridging between the injecting and noninjecting populations. Concomitant STI seem to have a major role in fueling the Russian HIV epidemic.
Ann N Burchell; Liviana M Calzavara; Victoria Orekhovsky; Natalia N Ladnaya;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sexually transmitted diseases     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1537-4521     ISO Abbreviation:  Sex Transm Dis     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-25     Completed Date:  2008-10-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705941     Medline TA:  Sex Transm Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  807-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
HIV Social, Behavioural and Epidemiological Studies Unit, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
HIV Infections / epidemiology*,  etiology,  transmission
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Russia / epidemiology
Safe Sex
Sexual Partners

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