Document Detail

Characterization of buccal microvascular response in patients with septic shock.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20090537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Microcirculatory alterations are thought to be responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality from sepsis. The aim of the present study was to characterize the buccal microvascular response in patients with septic shock using combined laser Doppler flowmetry/visual light spectroscopy measurements. METHODS: Microvascular measurements were performed daily on the buccal mucosa in 21 consecutive ICU patients within 24 h of the onset of septic shock, in 20 healthy volunteers, and in eight ICU patients after uncomplicated elective surgery (ICU controls). RESULTS: In ICU controls, buccal mucosal flow was higher in the superficial (231.7+/-69.5 vs. 134+/-105.3 arbitrary unit, P=0.03) and lower in the deep (235.3+/-30.8 vs. 376.2+/-107.3 arbitrary unit, P=0.001) channel compared with healthy volunteers; microvascular oxygen haemoglobin saturations (microHbO2) were similar in the two groups. Microvascular flow within 24 h of onset of shock was similar in patients with septic shock and healthy individuals; however, microHbO2 was lower in the deep channel (78.3+/-10.3 vs. 91.1+/-4.5%, P<0.001). Superficial buccal mucosal microHbO2 within 24 h of onset of septic shock was lower in nonsurvivors than in survivors. Superficial buccal mucosal flow increased during the 2nd day of septic shock in survivors and decreased thereafter; microHbO2 decreased steadily. CONCLUSION: Buccal laser Doppler flowmetry/visual light spectroscopy may be useful for tracing microvascular alterations in critically ill patients. The surgical stress response was associated with alterations in local flow with preserved microHbO2. However, in patients with septic shock, microHbO2 was reduced in the deep channel, probably muscular tissue, with no changes in microvascular flow.
Yasser Sakr; Veronika Gath; Janaina Oishi; Stefan Klinzing; Tim-Phillip Simon; Konrad Reinhart; Gernot Marx
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of anaesthesiology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1365-2346     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Anaesthesiol     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-11     Completed Date:  2010-11-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8411711     Medline TA:  Eur J Anaesthesiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  388-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Friedrich-Schiller-University Hospital, Jena, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Hemoglobins / analysis
Laser-Doppler Flowmetry / methods
Microcirculation / physiology*
Middle Aged
Mouth / blood supply*
Oxygen / blood
Shock, Septic / complications*
Spectrum Analysis / methods
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

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