Document Detail


Characterization and analysis of the subclasses and molecular species of choline phosphoglycerides from porcine heart by successive chemical hydrolyses and reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2233704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Choline phosphoglycerides (CPG) represent the major fraction of heart phospholipids. Since depletion of membrane phospholipids and accumulation of lyso-compounds, particularly lysophosphatidylcholines, have been implicated in arrhythmogenesis, it was of great interest to study the composition of this major phospholipid fraction of the heart at a molecular level in an established animal model. The data presented here describe the first report on the detailed chemical examination of CPG and resolution, characterization and quantitative analysis of the molecular species of this phospholipid fraction from porcine heart by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This fraction constitutes 37.5 +/- 0.7% (n = 21) of the total phospholipids and upon successive mild acid and alkaline hydrolyses revealed the presence of essentially three subclasses: diacyl-, alkenylacyl-, and alkylacyl glycerophosphorylcholines, in a relative abundance of 57.7 +/- 2.2% (n = 8), 37.3 +/- 1.3% (n = 8) and 4.6 +/- 0.2% (n = 8), respectively. The fourth subclass, dialkyl CPG was found only in minute amounts (0.43 +/- 0.05%, n = 8) and the presence of dialkenyl and alkenylalkyl analogues could not be detected. Alternatively, by converting the CPG fraction to benzoate derivatives after phospholipase C digestion, it was possible to isolate and quantitate subclass composition by TLC/spectroscopy or both subclass compositions and molecular species analysis by HPLC directly by a UV detector online with the column. By these techniques, subclass composition was found to be very similar to that obtained by the chemical hydrolysis technique. By HPLC, up to 25 species can be identified and quantitated in each subclass, their identity being confirmed by gas-liquid chromatography, after their isolation from the column. The analyses showed that up to 74% of the diacyl moiety consisted of 16:0-18:2 (34%), 16:0-18:1 (27%), and 18:0-18:2 (13%) species, while the major species of the alkenylacyl moiety were 16:0-18:2 (44%) 16:0-18:1 (13%), 16:0-20:4 (12%) and 18:1-18:2 (9%) making up more than 75% of the total mass of this subclass. The major molecular species of the alkylacyl moiety was 16:0-18:2, constituting up to 47% of this fraction, while others constituted about 10% (16:0-18:1), 9% (18:1-18:2), 8% (16:0-20:4) and 6% (18:0-18:2), making up 80% of the total mass. The ether chain composition of akylacyl CPG whether determined after isolation of this fraction by the chemical hydrolysis technique or by HPLC was indistinguishable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
N A Shaikh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular biochemistry     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0300-8177     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Cell. Biochem.     Publication Date:  1990 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-12-07     Completed Date:  1990-12-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364456     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Biochem     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ont., Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alkaline Phosphatase
Animals
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Chromatography, Thin Layer
Coronary Disease / diagnosis
Heart Ventricles / chemistry*
Hydrolysis
Phosphatidylcholines / analysis*,  classification
Swine
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Phosphatidylcholines; EC 3.1.3.1/Alkaline Phosphatase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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